The exact cause of fibromyalgia pain is unknown.
However, researchers believe that a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurological factors may contribute to its development.
You may be more likely to develop fibromyalgia if you have a family history of the condition, have experienced physical or emotional trauma, have an infection, or have an autoimmune disease.
Abnormalities in the way the central nervous system processes pain signals may also play a role in fibromyalgia pain.
In people with fibromyalgia, the brain and spinal cord may interpret normal sensory stimuli as painful sensations. This may lead to an amplification of pain signals throughout the body, causing widespread pain and tenderness.
Other contributing factors
Other factors that may contribute to fibromyalgia pain include sleep disturbances, physical or emotional stress, and hormonal imbalances.
Poor sleep quality can affect pain thresholds and exacerbate symptoms. Physical or emotional stress can also trigger or worsen symptoms. Hormonal imbalances, such as those that occur during menopause, may also contribute to fibromyalgia pain.
New research suggests that certain changes in the brain chemistry of people with fibromyalgia pain may contribute to the development of the condition.
For instance, abnormal levels of neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and norepinephrine, which are involved in pain processing, mood regulation, and sleep, have been found in people with fibromyalgia pain.
It’s important to note that while certain factors may increase your risk of developing fibromyalgia pain, the condition can still occur in anyone, regardless of age, gender, or ethnicity.
Physical or emotional trauma
Some experts believe fibromyalgia pain may be linked to physical or emotional trauma, such as car accidents, surgeries, or emotional abuse.
Trauma can trigger changes in the brain and the body’s stress response, leading to chronic pain and other symptoms.
It’s worth noting that fibromyalgia pain is often a diagnosis of exclusion, meaning that healthcare professionals typically rule out other conditions with similar symptoms before making a definitive diagnosis. Some conditions that can mimic fibromyalgia pain include hypothyroidism, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and multiple sclerosis.
If you are experiencing symptoms of fibromyalgia pain, it’s important to consult with a health professional for proper diagnosis and management of the condition.